The second trimester is generally the easier with fewer pregnancy complications. You will start feeling the baby move, and you’ll have more energy. You may feel less nausea, and the risk of miscarriage decreases.
You should notify your physician if you have any pregnancy complications, such as bleeding, increased pelvic pressure and unusual discharge or leaking of fluid. These could be symptoms related to preterm labor.
Here are the pregnancy complications to look out for during your second trimester:
Bleeding is a sign of miscarriage before 20 weeks, or could signal a problem with the placenta. Though more common in the third trimester, pregnancy complications including placenta previa, where the placenta covers the cervix, and abruption, where the placenta separates from the uterus, are possible. Bleeding is also a sign of premature labor. Call your doctor if you are bleeding from your uterus during your second trimester.
Preterm Premature of Membranes (PPROM)
If your amniotic sac ruptures in your second trimester, it can cause pregnancy complications including preterm labor. Babies born as early as 24 weeks can suffer from many issues, including low birth weight. If you feel a gush of fluid or a slower leak from your vagina, smell your underpants. If it smells sweet, it could be amniotic fluid. (If it smells like ammonia, its likely urine.) Call your doctor if you suspect premature rupture of your amniotic sac.
Though more common in the third trimester, preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication that can happen during the second trimester. Preeclampsia occurs when you develop high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy. While a small increase in blood pressure may not be a problem, a bigger spike can prevent your baby from getting enough oxygen and blood. For that reason, your doctor will monitor your blood pressure at every check-up.